The conclusion of the The Crucible shows how during times of crisis, lies become more important than the truth. John Proctor has to lie in order to live; much like how during the Red Scare people had to lie in order to protect themselves from persecution. Arthur miller shows us that through mob mentality innocent people were accused and killed. Which parallels what happened in the Red Scare.
During Act III, Miller focuses his attention on showing how the court system, in both events, is corrupt. He does this by showing what evidence is used in the Salem witch Trials, and what evidence is not. That the government and courts were corrupt, wishing only to keep power and publicize that they were heroes.
mentality. The Red Scare and The Salem Witch hunt were both Rampant fear based on pure prejudice and lack of understanding. Trumped up charges, trials and effective punishment without any due process. And in both cases people were offered a chance to save themselves if they offered up other targets for the hunt.
Act I: In Act one of The Crucible, Arthur Miller exposes flaws in religion through the character of Parris. Parris is the reverend of Salem's only church, and he is portrayed as a villain, a narcissistic man, who cares more about his reputation than the well-being of his child. This act is directly related to the Red Scare in the sense that Joe McCarthy is more concerned with ridding America of Communists and taking the glory for himself, rather than expunging Communism. Parris and McCarthy are extremely similar in this act because they are both willing to do what is necessary to keep suspicions away from themselves as well as their kin.
What was the Red Scare?
After World War II (about 1947 to 1957), Americans again feared the influence of the USSR, especially since most of Eastern Europe, and China, had fallen under communist rule. Suggestions were made by Senator Joseph McCarthy and others that the US was being infiltrated by spies and undermined by communist sympathizers. Some claims turned out to be factual, while others were accusations and innuendo for political gain.
The separate investigations by the House Un-American Activities Committee sought to identify communist party members within the entertainment industry. This led to convictions of those who would not implicate others by their testimony, including the "Hollywood Ten." This was followed by studio "blacklists" as the film industry sought to counter negative public opinion and avoid Congressional interference in their businesses.
Who was Joe McCarthy? During his ten years in the Senate, Joe McCarthy became known for his aggressive investigations of people in the U.S. government and others, of their political beliefs as Communists.The Cold War, which began after the end of World War II, was a period where Americans were extremely paranoid about the threat of Communism, and McCarthy claimed to know many State Department Employees who were known as Communists. Instead of turning this information over to the F.B.I.,
McCarthy chose to carry out with the investigations personally.
As a result of these controversial actions, the term McCarthyism was coined to specifically describe the intense anti-Communist movement that existed in America from 1950 to about 1956, a time which became popularly known as the Red Scare. During this period, people who were suspected of varying degrees of Communist loyalties became the subject of aggressive inquiries, which became known as "witch hunts" to his opponents.
Why was Communism bad?
Arthur Miller wrote the play The Crucible in response to the red scare of the 1950’s, in which he was was condemned for disrespect & disapproval of the United States Congress for being unsuccessful in naming numerous individuals who had attended meetings with him. In a bid to not only secure his career as a journalist & play writer and also to alert the American people against the government misinformation & propaganda that were headed their way. The characters in the play are faced with the same tragedies & sentences that befell people during the McCarthyism trials; he uses the ‘Salem Witch Trials’ as a metaphor to draw national attention towards the doings and executioners of the McCarthyism propaganda.
What is allegory?Allegory is the device in which characters or events represent or symbolize ideas and concepts.
Why does Arthur Miller use allegory in the Crucible? Arthur Miller uses allegory in his play, The Crucible, to show the similarities between the Salem witch trials and the Red Scare. During the McCarthy era, freedom was a very important aspect in life; during the Salem witch trials, religion was a very important aspect of life. In both of these events, people are frightened. The Red Scare led to many people fearing others, thinking everyone was a Communist. In the Salem witch trials, witchcraft is threatening the village. Miller also wanted to show the similarity between both corrupt courts in these two events. In the Salem witch trials, all substantial evidence is through out of the window, and everything that supports witchcraft is valid. Much is the same with the Red Scare court system.
Turn in Witch Paper
How do we cite a video?
Example- Source info for video- web site (Youtube), downloader/publisher, date, title of video
- Notes 1- Video
video clip of old movie that depicts a Salem witch burning (note the dummy is fake)
- Notes 2- Video
video on modern day witch burning (news report)
- Notes 3- Online Article
article on past and present Salem
Write a paragraph citing 2 of the videos. Paraphrasing is fine, but cite it correctly.
LARPing: We will go over the rules and hand out parts! Be ready to study up on your character!
Research Project: Salem Witch Trials
NEW UNIT- Crucible/Salem Witch Trials
Sarah Good: Accused Witch by Rebecca Brooks (2011)
Sarah Good was one of the first women to be accused of witchcraft during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692.
The Trial of Rebecca Nurse Posted Nov. 5, 2012 by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks historyofmassachusetts.org
Nurse and her husband, Francis, had a long-standing dispute with their neighbors, the Putnam family, in Salem village about the boundary of their adjoining land, and it is believed that the Putnams spurred accusations against Rebecca Nurse as retaliation.
“Tituba Biography” (2012) http://www.historyrocket.com/Biography/Tituba-Biography.html
Tituba was an Indian woman and not as commonly believed a Negro
Quarter 2 Assessment- Essay (MLA)
Using properly sourced text based evidence, write a 4-5 paragraph persuasive essay for the following prompt: What were the two main reasons people were accused of being witches in 1692?
Tell me about 1692 & the hysteria that was going on. Maybe a little bit about the Puritans and why they would be so freaked out about witches. End the paragraph with a thesis (R & A of the prompt).
Reason 1 & 2:
Start with a transition phrase (Look at the left front board) and go into your first claim. (R & A from thesis). C: Then add a signal phrase with information about where the evidence came from (this establishes your credibility) and add your textual evidence. End it with a parenthetical citation. E: Explain and elaborate how the evidence proves you know what you are talking about. 2-3 sentences after each piece of evidence is great or you can transition right into the next piece of textual evidence and then add your explanation. It should be longer if you go this route. Repeat for each body paragraph.
Start with a transition phrase, then remind me of your argument. This is a great place to add a counterclaim. How did your evidence prove what you claimed in your thesis?
PURITAN TIMES & THE GREAT AWAKENING
Bell Ringer- Brainstorm Pet Peeves (Discussion)
Write- 10 Minute Free-write in Journal (Goal 100-150 words)
What is one of your pet peeves? Why does it bother you? Give personal examples of this pet peeves. Offer solutions or consequences.
Review- Puritan and Colonial Timeline/Background of Jonathan Edwards (Pg. 104)
Activity- Melodramatic Readings of "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" by Jonathan Edwards (pg. 106-111). Volunteers read excerpts of this sermon and they tried to give it their best melodramatic attempt.
Read- Blue Laws Handout (Puritan "Pet Peeves")
- Students were asked to record three of the most interesting laws in their journal
Share- Briefly discussed the laws they chose
Write- Students used their freewrite to create a 30 second (6-10 sentence) "Pet Peeve Sermon". They were encouraged to use Old English with their modern day problem. For example, they might say "Thou shalt not leave one square of tissue upon thine toilet paper cylinder." They were provided with a list of Old English words for reference and were given 30-40 minutes to complete this assignment in their journal. They were encouraged to take it home if they did not complete it.
Craft and Structure:
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone, including words with multiple meanings or language that is particularly fresh, engaging, or beautiful. (Include Shakespeare as well as other authors.)
Demonstrate knowledge of eighteenth-, nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century foundational works of American literature, including how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes or topics.