ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How does the structure of a sonnet impact its meaning?
TASK: Understand and identify the different types of sonnets and compare their similarities.
Warm-up: Journal for January 7-8, 2014
Write 2 paragraphs (5-7 sentences each) about what you did on your break. Places? People? Changes? News? Resolutions? Gifts?
Powerpoint: Intro to Sonnets (click on link)
What is a Sonnet?
A very structured type of poetry in which the author attempts to show two related but differing things to the reader in order to communicate something about them.
Developed in Italy, probably in the thirteenth century.
Almost always consists of 14 lines and follows one of several set rhyme schemes:
Distinguished by its division into the octave and sestet:
The octave typically:
Four divisions are used:
The Spenserian sonnet, invented by Edmund Spenser, complicates the Shakespearean form, linking rhymes among the quatrains:
Quiz on sonnets at end of ppt
Prologue—an outline of the coming action in a dramatic work. It also highlights key themes, such as:
Love conflict power time fate two entities life & death
1. What events are foreshadowed in the prologue?
2. Describe the tone of the poem. Provide three examples as support.
3. Identify how the theme of fate is expressed in different words in the prologue.
4. Right from the start, it is clear that love in the play could be the victim of conflict. Quickly make a list of words or phrases about love and another list of words expressing conflict. What do you notice about the lists?
5. The theme of two entities is very important in R&J because many of the issues are a result of the rivalry between the two families. List the “two” words from the prologue.
Read Romeo & Juliet I.i